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Catalog — Chronological Table

339

François Verdier, Alexander and Attalus

François Verdier 1651 Paris 1730

Alexander insulted by Attalus at the Wedding Banquet of Philipp II (Detail)

Black chalk with grey wash, heightened in white on blue paper. C. 9⅞ × 19⅜ in (252 × 493 mm).

Philipp II separates from his first spouse, Olympias,
Alexander’s mother, and marries Cleopatra, niece of his general Attalus.
Alexander mixes up the Wedding Banquet.

May 334

Charles Le Brun, Passage of the Granicus

Charles Le Brun 1619 Paris 1690

The Passage of the Granicus (Detail)

Etching with engraving by Girard Audran (Lyon 1640 – Paris 1703). 28⅛-28¼ × 55⅛ in (71.5-71.7 × 139.9 cm).

Passage of the Granicus
with the first major battle of the Alexander campaign

à la Thucydides “He who attacks first will terrify the enemy”
with corresponding defeat of Darius III as then last of the Persian kings

334 , later

Johann Elias Ridinger, Siege & Conquest of Halicarnassus

Johann Elias Ridinger Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767

The Siege (and Capture) of the Capital City Halicarnassus under Alexander the Great (Detail)

Engraving by Johann Daniel Herz I (1693 Augsburg 1754). Early 1720s. Inscribed: LXXXVII (platemark upper center) / Ioh. Elias Ridinger invent. et delin. (in the text margin lower left) / Senior Iohann Daniel Herz sculp et exc Aug. V. (in the subject margin lower right), otherwise in Latin-German as above and below. Sheet size 29¾ × 36⅛ in (75.5 × 91.8 cm).

Siege & Conquest of Halicarnassus

November 333

Charles Le Brun, Alexander paying a Visit to the Family of Darius

Charles Le Brun 1619 Paris 1690

The Queens of Persia at the Feet of Alexander or The Tent of Darius (Detail)

Etching with engraving by Gerard Edelinck (Antwerp 1640 – Paris 1707). 28⅜ × 35⅝ in (69.6 × 90.4 cm).

In the Morning after the Battle at Issus
in the tent of the fugitive Darius,
paying a visit to his family.

331

Johann Elias Ridinger, First Passage of the Tigris

Johann Elias Ridinger Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767

Alexander the Great crosses with his Army … the Immense River Tigris (Detail)

Engraving by Johann Balthasar Probst (1673 Augsburg 1750) at Johann Daniel Herz I (1693 Augsburg 1754). Early 1720s. Inscribed: XCIV (platemark upper center) + 3 lines in the subject margin lower right: Senior Ioh. Dan. Herz excud. Aug. Vind. / Iohann Elias Riedinger (sic!) pinxit / (Iohann Balthasar Probst sculps.), otherwise with caption missing here. Sheet size 18¾ × 30¼ in (47.6 × 76.8 cm).

First Passage of the Tigris at Bedzabde
on the march to the encounter with Darius
at Gaugamela not far from Arbella

1 October 331

Charles Le Brun, Battle of Gaugamela/Arbella

Charles Le Brun 1619 Paris 1690

The Battle of Arbella (Detail)

Etching with engraving by Girard Audran (Lyon 1640 – Paris 1703). 28⅛-28⅜ × 62⅝ in (71.3-72 × 159.2 cm).

Decisive Battle of Gaugamela / Arbella.
The first of the two decisive battles for the conquest of Asia,
here regarding the Persian, 5 years later at the Hydaspes the Indian campaign.

331 , subsequently

François Verdier, Mazæus submits Babylon to Alexander

François Verdier 1651 Paris 1730

Mazæus submits Babylon to Alexander (Detail)

Black chalk with grey wash, heightened in white on blue paper. Inscribed in the lower margin: maceo … … apres la Bataille darbel Vien ce Rendre a Alexandre. C. 10¼ × 19¾ in (261 × 503 mm).

Darius’ general Mazæus, fled to Babylon,
submits the city to the victor.

331 , subsequently

Charles Le Brun, Alexander Entry into Babylon

Charles Le Brun 1619 Paris 1690

Alexander’s Entry into Babylon (Detail)

Etching with engraving by Girard Audran (Lyon 1640 – Paris 1703). 28 × 36½ in (71.2 × 92.7 cm).

Entry into Babylon.
“Crowning moment of the Persian campaign,

when the world conqueror received the homage of the ancient city …
the triumphal apotheosis”
(Donald Posner)

May 326

Charles Le Brun, Alexander and Porus at the Hydaspes

Charles Le Brun 1619 Paris 1690

Alexander and Porus (Detail)

Etching with engraving by Girard Audran (Lyon 1640 – Paris 1703). 28-28⅛ × 62¾ in (71-71.3 × 159.3 cm).

At the Hydaspes — Alexander and Porus.
The last forward major battle after Arbella,
the second of the two dedicated to the conquest of Asia as
“the probably first representation
of the Porus subject in the history of art”

(Donald Posner)

c. Summer 326

François Verdier, Sophites welcomes Alexander

François Verdier 1651 Paris 1730

The Indian Rajah Sophites welcomes Alexander before the Gates of his Capital (Detail)

Black chalk with grey wash, heightened in white on blue paper. C. 10¼ × 20⅛ in (262 × 512 mm).

The Indian Rajah Sophites welcomes Alexander
sovereignly before the gates of his capital

Autumn 326

Johann Elias Ridinger, Alexander at the Hyphasis

Johann Elias Ridinger Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767

Alexander at the Hyphasis in the Punjab (Detail)

Pen and brush with brown ink heightened with white and black border. Inscribed in brown ink lower right on the upper step of the altar: Ioha: Elias Ridinger: inv: et del Ao. 1723 Aug: vin. 19¼ × 20⅝ in (489 × 524 mm).

The Moment at the Hyphasis which wrote World History.
The Zenith of an Empire — A Turning Point of History.
Presumably first representation
of the Hyphasis Event in the History of Art.

December 326

François Verdier, Alexander at the Wall of Multan (Punjab)

François Verdier 1651 Paris 1730

Alexander at the Wall of Multan in the Punjab (Detail)

Black chalk with grey wash, heightened in white on blue paper. C. 10¼ × 19⅞ in (260 × 505 mm).

At the Wall of Multan in Punjab.
“Alexander’s Most Heroic Moment”
(Peter G. Tsouras)
The breath-ceasing having no equal.
Pictured here for the first time ?
Alexander pure !